Tools hidden 11 thousand years ago were found in a Turkish cave

Tools hidden 11 thousand years ago were found in a Turkish cave

In Turkey, archaeologists, while examining one of the ancient caves in the north of the country, discovered a whole set of stone tools from the 10th millennium BC.

According to the Daily Sabah, the ancient stone tools found are shedding new light on the history of northern Turkey. They were discovered while exploring a cave in Trabzon province.

Previous research has already proven that a human settlement existed here. People lived here in the same period of time when in the southeast of modern Turkey, in the town of Gebeklitepe, a settlement appeared, which is considered to be the oldest in the world today.

But if in Gebeklitepe people were already building houses, then in Trabzon their contemporaries chose caves. The stone tools found there are dated back to the 10th millennium BC. The artifacts are reported to be very primitive tools made of obsidian and flint.

They were in a cave known as Koscarli. It is located in the countryside near the town of Duzkei. Excavations have been ongoing in the area since 2018. According to archaeologists, other previously unknown ancient settlements may be found in the same area in the future.

One of the most important aspects for understanding the history of this region, archaeologists called the fact that some of the discovered tools were not local. Analysis showed that they were made from materials not found in the area. At the same time, such materials are available in other regions of modern Turkey. According to scientists, this indicates a high mobility of the inhabitants of prehistoric Anatolia.

Archaeologists from the Karadeniz Technical University in Trabzon, Hülya alishkan Akgül and Serkan Demirel, said that 103 stone tools have been excavated so far.

The most curious of them were sent for examination to Professor Tristan Carter of McMaster University in Canada, who is considered one of the world’s leading experts in obsidian tools.

Carter’s analysis showed that five prehistoric cutting tools were made in Cappadocia, in what is now central Turkey. Two more instruments he identified were brought to Koskarli from the region that covers present-day Georgia and Armenia. By the way, for Trabzon, these tools are the most ancient artifacts ever discovered here.

“The tools we have found belong to the era when people were still hunter-gatherers, but they were already significantly improving their skills,” says Hülya шaliskan Akgül. period found elsewhere. ”

She noted that there is no obsidian in Trabzon. Consequently, at least some of the instruments really came here from other regions. However, the direction of these movements can only be guessed at. But the discovery has already proved that the history of the settlement of Trabzon is much older than previously thought.

The first mentions of Trabzon date back to the 7th century BC, when the Ionians founded their colonies here. And what was here before their appearance is still a mystery.

It is known that the Ionians created a province that was central to the Black Sea region. In those early days, these lands were subject to constant raids and invasions. After a long Roman and then Byzantine rule, control over this territory passed to the Comnenian dynasty, a noble Byzantine family that ruled here until the Ottoman conquest in 1461.

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